Facts about Assam | 25 Most Interesting Facts of Assam (August 2020)

It is not easy to express Assam in such a small blog. but Try to figure out the most important 25 facts about Amazing Assam. Assam is a gateway to Northeast India. Assam is not only proud by its wildlife, multiple cultures, natural beauties, the hub of goddesses, proud for natural oil and gas, and also for the widely spread forest. This thing You should know of Assam.

Here the 25 Facts About Assam:-

1. Worlds 90% One Horn Rhino Population  – “Kaziranga National park” ( Facts about Assam )

Kaziranga National Park

one-horned Rhino only existed in Jurassic-era and  Kaziranga. Interesting facts are that two-third (90%)of world one horn rhino available only in Kaziranga. This park is 430 square kilometer widely spread in Golaghat, Nagaon and Karbi Anglong district. In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. According to the census held in March 2018 which was jointly conducted by the Forest Department of the Government of Assam and some recognized wildlife NGOs, the rhino population in Kaziranga National Park is 2,413. Kaziranga was declared as Tiger Reserve in 2006.

Kaziranga National park is also famous for Tiger, elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.

BirdLife International Declared Kaziranga as an important bird area. Birds like a lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck, and lesser adjutant. Also, it has greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian Openbill stork.

2. World’s Largest River Island  – “Majuli” and World’s smallest river island –  “Umananda”

Majuli

World’s largest river island “Majuli” in Guinness Book of World Records, situated in the middle of Brahmaputra river, Assam. In 2016 Majuli became the first island as a district in India. Majuli is famous for its devotional sight, culture, and natural beauty which attract the tourist most.

Umananda

World’s smallest river island umananda also situated middle of the Brahmaputra river in Assam. It is famous for the shiva temple and the umananda temple.

3. Assam Has Its Own State Anthem 

Lakkminath Bezbaruah

Assam has its own state anthem “O Mur Apunar Dekh” written by Lakhminath Bezbaruah. In the year of 1927, the anthem of Assam officially adopted.

4. Assam is A “Tea hub”

Assam Tea

Assam is the World’s largest tea-growing region. Also, All over India Assam produces the largest amount of tea. An interesting fact is that the British first introduced tea plantations in Assam.

5. Most Powerful Shakti Peeth Kamakhya Temple

Kamakhya Temple

The Kamakhya temple considered as oldest “Shakti Peeth” which is situated in “Nilachal Pahar” Guwahati, the major city of Assam. Among the 51 “Shakti Peeth” kamakhya is the most powerful “Shakti Peeth”.It is said that Sati’s yoni or ‘vagina’ and ‘womb’ fell on this area when Lord Vishnu disintegrated Sati’s body with his Sudarshan chakra in order to pacify the enraged Lord Shiva. These two parts of the Goddess stand as a symbolic representation of the power to create a new life that every woman possesses.

Also, mythology tells that this is the place where the goddess used to have her intimate encounters with Lord Shiva and that too signals the start of a new life. Since everyone comes to this world through ‘yoni’ that is why this place is considered as the center point of creating the whole Brahmand.

6. The Mighty River Brahmaputra ( Facts of Assam )

The Brahmaputra

The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers in Asia, running 2,390 miles in length. It is a transboundary river flowing within the boundaries of China (Tibet), India, and Bangladesh. In Tibet(china) its called the Yarlung Tsangpo. The Brahmaputra enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, where it is called Siang. It makes a very rapid descent from its original height in Tibet and finally appears in the plains, where it is called Dihang. It flows for about 35 km (22 mi) and is joined by the Dibang River and the Lohit River at the head of the Assam Valley. Below the Lohit, the river is called the Brahmaputra, enters the state of Assam, and becomes very wide—as wide as 10 km (6 mi) in parts of Assam.

south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna. In the vast Ganges Delta, it merges with the Padma, the popular name of the river Ganges in Bangladesh, and finally, after merging with the Padma, it becomes the Meghna and from here, it flows as Meghna river before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

Information About Assam

7.Asia’s Oldest Surviving Amphitheaters “Rang Ghar”

Rang Ghar

“Rang Ghar” is one of the oldest monuments in Asia. It is 3 km away from the center of SivaSagar town. The building was first constructed during the reign of Swargadeo Rudra Singha with bamboo and wood. “Rang Ghar” was later rebuilt with a brick by Swargadeo Pramatta Singha in AD 1744-1750.

8.Tea Capital Of India “Jorhat”( Facts of Assam )

Jorhat tea capital of assam

Jorhat is a major city and district in Brahmaputra valley Assam. It is widely referred to as the ‘Tea Capital of India’.It was the last capital of the Ahom dynasty and is home to some of the oldest historical monuments of Assam. Jorhat produces large quantities of tea which is exported to different countries.

 

“Jorhat” (যোৰহাট) or “Jorehaut” means two “hats” (Bazar) or “mandis”- “Macharhat” (মাছৰহাট) and “Chowkihat” (চকীহাট) which existed on the two different banks of the river Bhugdoi during the 18th century.

9.Asia’s Oldest Crude Oil Discovery in “Digboi”

Digboi

Digboi has the oldest oil as it operates. Crude oil was discovered here in the late 19th century and the first oil well was dug in 1866. Digboi is known as the Oil City of Assam where the first oil well in Asia was drilled. The first refinery was started here as early as 1901. It is also famous for Digboi is also famous for the Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, the Golf Course, and its War Cemetry.

10. India’s Largest Natural Zoo “Assam State Zoo” ( Facts of Assam )

Assam State Zoo

Assam State Zoo is the largest zoo in North East India, spread across 432 acres of land. It is in the capital city of Guwahati, and it is home to almost 113 species of animals and birds from all around the world. It attracts hundreds of visitors every day because of the large number of animals like Tigers, Himalayan Black Bears, Golden Langur, etc.

11. “Srimanta Sankaradev Kalakshetra” Reflects Cultures of Assam

Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra

Kalakshetra is situated Punjabi, Guwahati. It includes a cultural museum, library, and various facilities for preserving, demonstrating, and performing cultural items, a children’s park. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Guwahati. The museum exhibits different types of items that are used by the diversified ethnic groups of Assam. A number of cultural objects of the state are also displayed in the museum. There is an open-air theatre on the premises, where traditional dance and drama are performed.

12. Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary Only “Apes” Found In India

Ape

The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary renamed on 25 May 2004, formerly known as the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary or Hollongapar Reserve Forest, located in Jorhat district of Assam, India. The sanctuary was officially established in 1997. The sanctuary has rich biodiversity and is home to the only apes in India.

13. Manas National Park The Last Population Of The “Pygmy Hog” Survive

Manas National Park

Manas, located at the base of foothills of the Bhutan-Himalayas in the state of Assam.1990: Declared as National Park (500 sq. km).1985: Declared as World Heritage Site (Natural) by UNESCO for outstanding universal value. Declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger (2837 sq. km).
Manas popular big cats, tigers, leopards, and clouded leopards, Asian golden cat, capped langurs, Assamese macaques, slow loris, hoolock gibbons,smooth-coated otters, sloth bears, barking deer, hog deer, black panther. amazingly Assam roofted turtle,hisip hare, golden langur, and pigmy hog only found in this park and nowhere in the world..it also has 450 species of birds like giant hornbills, jungle fowls, brahmin ducks, kali pheasants, egrets, pelicans, fishing eagle, serpent eagles, and falcons, etc.

14. “Golden Silk Producer” – Sualkuchi ( Facts of Assam )

Sualkuchi

Sualkuchi is 30 km west of Guwahati. It produces a large amount of silk and is in huge demand all over the world. Sualkuchi produces the three major types of indigenous wild silks they are golden Muga, white pat, and warm Eri silk.

15.”Bell Metal Industry”- Sarthebari 

Sarthebari

the second-largest handicraft of Assam, after baboo craft. Bell metal is an alloy of copper and tin and utensils made from it are used for domestic and religious purposes. The principal items of brass are the Kalash (water pot), Sarai (a platter or tray mounted on a base), kadhi (dish), bati (bowl), lota (water pot with a long neck) and tal (cymbals). This craft form dates back to the 7th century AD.

16.”Cultural Capital Of Assam” – Tezpur ( Facts of Assam )

Tezpur

Tezpur is a major city of Assam situated in Sonitpur district. ruins dating back to the 4th century can be explored here Nameri National Park, Agnigarh(the Usha Aniruddha place)- The impressive fire-fort, Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Chitralekha Udyan, District Museum, Ouguri Hill, Padum Pukhuri, Kalia Bhomora Setu, Nag-Sankar temple and Ketakeshwar Dewal temple. In World War II Tezpur was the western terminus of an Allied airlift to Kunming, China, over the “hump” of the Himalayas in the China–Burma (Myanmar)–India theatre of war.

facts about Assam tea

17.”Tocklai Tea Research Institute” The Oldest And The Largest Tea Research Station

Toklai

Tocklai Tea Research Institute, Jorhat, the oldest and the largest research station of its kind in the world.the establishment of the Scientific Department of Indian Tea Association (ITA) in the year 1900. The formation of the Tea Research Association (TRA) in 1964 with Tocklai at the center of all activities further expanded the horizon of tea research to cover entire Northeast India.

18. Indias Longest Bridge – “Dhola-Sadia Bridge”

Bhupen Hazarika Setu

The Dhola–Sadiya Bridge, also referred to as the Bhupen Hazarika Setu. The new, three-lane, 9.15-kilometer Dhola-Sadiya bridge of River Brahmaputra links Dhola in Assam to Sadiya in Arunachal Pradesh. It brings Assam and Arunachal closer.

19.”Ever Burning Lamp” – Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar ( Facts of Assam )

Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar

Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar is situated in near Jorhat district of Assam. It is a beautiful and vibrant center of Vaishnavism and the culture of Assam which was established in 1461 AD by Sri Sri Madhavdev, the great disciple of Sri Sri Sankardev. A Mysterious lamp has been burning continuously for more than 450 years as recognized by the Asia Book of Records. According to sources, the lamp was first lighted in 1528 in Dhekiakhowa Bor Namghar and has been kept burning since then by the locals.

20.”Birds Suicidel Point” – Jatinga

Jatinga

Jatinga is a small village(Borai Hills of Assam) is in Haflong(only hill station of Assam).In Jatinga 44 species of birds have been committing to suicide in the month of September every year. It’s not for the only time it’s For over 100 years, every winter, thousands of birds have committed suicide; the reason for which is still a mystery. Still not find the actual reason for this cause.

21.”Indias Black Magic Capital” – Mayong 

Mayong

A very Mysterious town Mayong Situated in Morigaon district. The word “Mayong” is derived from a Sanskrit word “Maya,” which means illusion. Mayong finds its mention in the mythological epic Mahabharata, along with Pragjyotishpura (ancient Assam). Legend has it that Chief Ghatotkacha took part in the battle of Mahabharata after attaining different magical powers from Mayong. People in the village even believe that many older saints and witches who practiced black magic still take shelter in the jungles here. Know more about Mayong 

22.Assam “Tea-Tees” Golf Course

Tea-Tees golf course

In 1829, India became the first country outside Great Britain to have a golf course. Now Assam has plenty number of golf courses inside the state. Later on, Golf becomes famous for tea-planter.

23.Border Of Assam Connect Two Country And Six State

Border Of Assam

Assam, India map…

Assam is located in the northeastern part of India.and is bounded to the north by the kingdom of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh, to the east by the states of Nagaland and Manipur, to the south by the states of Mizoram and Tripura, and to the west by Bangladesh and the states of Meghalaya and West Bengal.

24.Colors of festival

Bihu

Assam land of festivals. Bihu is the main festival of Assam. Assamese People celebrate Bihu Thrice. The various community of Assam also celebrate different kind of festivals like Baishagu, Ali-Ai-Ligang, Baikho, Rongker, Rajini Gabra Harni Gabra, Bohaggiyo Bishu, Ambubashi Mela and Jonbill Mela, Holi, Durga Puja, Diwali, Saraswati Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Eid, Muharram, Me-Dam-Me-Phi. Assamese People also celebrate the birth and death anniversaries of Vaishnava Saints Srimanta Sankardev and Madhabdev.

25. Asia’s Largest “Dry Fish Market”

Jagiroad (amazing facts about assam)

In Jagiroad, Morigan District has Asia’s largest dry “fish market”.The market operates for three days a week and exports to countries like Malaysia, Bhutan, and few other South-Eastern countries.

Note: All images downloaded from social media (Facebook and Pinterest)

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